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侯学勇, 王超, 罗建勋, 辜云杰, 刘芙蓉. 四川盆地不同油茶栽培品种性状的综合评价[J]. 四川林业科技, 2018, 39(5): 13-16. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2018.05.003
引用本文: 侯学勇, 王超, 罗建勋, 辜云杰, 刘芙蓉. 四川盆地不同油茶栽培品种性状的综合评价[J]. 四川林业科技, 2018, 39(5): 13-16. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2018.05.003
HOU Xue-yong, WANG Chao, LUO Jian-xun, GU Yun-jie, LIU Fu-rong. Comprehensive Evaluation on the Characteristics of Different Camellia oleifera Varieties Cultivated in Sichuan Basin[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2018, 39(5): 13-16. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2018.05.003
Citation: HOU Xue-yong, WANG Chao, LUO Jian-xun, GU Yun-jie, LIU Fu-rong. Comprehensive Evaluation on the Characteristics of Different Camellia oleifera Varieties Cultivated in Sichuan Basin[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2018, 39(5): 13-16. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2018.05.003

四川盆地不同油茶栽培品种性状的综合评价

Comprehensive Evaluation on the Characteristics of Different Camellia oleifera Varieties Cultivated in Sichuan Basin

  • 摘要: 为探讨不同油茶品种在四川盆中丘陵地区的栽培效果,本文对湘林、长林和川荣系列的10个油茶栽培品种的果实和产量主要性状进行了分析和综合评价。结果表明:不同油茶品种的平均果长为3.21cm~4.43cm,平均果宽为3.06cm~4.36cm,平均鲜果重量为17.71g~42.75g,单个果实的平均鲜种籽重量为7.71g~23.15g,平均种籽数量为2.8~10粒,平均出籽率为37.96%~54.07%,平均单株产量为3.16kg~6.54kg。对不同品种的油茶果实性状进行主成分分析,前两个主成分的累积方差贡献率达到88.27%。经综合评价,参试品种油茶果实性状的综合得分最高的为:长林55、川荣153、长林23。

     

    Abstract: The fruit characteristics and productions of ten Camellia oleifera varieties were analyzed and comprehensively assessed to study the varieties cultivation in the middle and hilly region of the Sichuan basin.The results showed that the fruit length of the ten varieties was 3.21 cm~4.43 cm,the fruit width was 3.06 cm~4.36 cm,the fresh fruit weight was 17.71 g~42.75 g,the fresh fruit weight per fruit was 7.71 g~23.15 g,the number of seeds per fruit was 2.8~10,the percentage of seed was 37.96%~54.07%,and the yield per plant was 3.16 kg~6.54 kg.Principal components analysis was applied to analyze the fruit characteristics,and two principal components were selected,reflecting the cumulative variance proportion of 88.27%.The comprehensive assessment indicated that ‘Changlin 55’,‘Chuanrong 153’ and ‘Changlin 23’ were the most excellent cultivated varieties.

     

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