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陈善波, 金银春, 熊量, 彭晓曦, 孙雪骄. 美国加州核桃产业化发展与借鉴[J]. 四川林业科技, 2017, 38(5): 109-114. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2017.05.026
引用本文: 陈善波, 金银春, 熊量, 彭晓曦, 孙雪骄. 美国加州核桃产业化发展与借鉴[J]. 四川林业科技, 2017, 38(5): 109-114. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2017.05.026
CHEN Shan-bo, JIN Yin-chun, XIONG Liang, PENG Xiao-xi, SUN Xue-jiao. The Development and Experiences of California Walnut Industrialization in USA[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2017, 38(5): 109-114. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2017.05.026
Citation: CHEN Shan-bo, JIN Yin-chun, XIONG Liang, PENG Xiao-xi, SUN Xue-jiao. The Development and Experiences of California Walnut Industrialization in USA[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2017, 38(5): 109-114. DOI: 10.16779/j.cnki.1003-5508.2017.05.026

美国加州核桃产业化发展与借鉴

The Development and Experiences of California Walnut Industrialization in USA

  • 摘要: 美国是世界核桃的生产和出口大国,现已成为全世界著名的核桃产地之一。为进一步学习美国加州核桃先进的科学技术与管理经验,本文通过在美国加州大学戴维斯分校、密苏里大学哥伦比亚分校等地的访问学习,深入分析了加州自然环境与气候特点、核桃栽培历史与现状、无性繁育技术、栽培管理技术、果实采收及加工技术以及产业化发展情况;并结合四川核桃发展现状,提出了品种选育、砧木筛选、科学种植、标准化栽培、技术推广等方面的发展思路,为四川核桃产业可持续发展提供有力的科学依据。

     

    Abstract: The United States is the largest producer and exporter of walnuts in the world. It has become one of the most famous walnut producing countries in the world. In order to further study the California walnut advanced science and technology and management experience, based at study visits to the University of California at Davis, University of Missouri at Columbia and other places, in-depth analysis was made of California natural environment and climate characteristics, cultivation history and status quo, walnut asexual breeding technology, cultivation management, harvest and processing technology and industrial development. Combined with the development status of Sichuan walnut, some ideas were put forward about developing cultivars and rootstock selection, planting, scientific and standardized cultivation technology promotion, etc., aiming to provide the scientific basis for the sustainable development of walnut industry in Sichuan.

     

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