用微信扫码二维码

分享至好友和朋友圈

WE ARE COMMITTED TO REPORTING THE LATEST FORESTRY ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS

吕蔚, 闫淑君, 顾灵桢, 等. 厦门城市山地公园鸟类多样性[J]. 四川林业科技, 2024, 45(3): 72−77. DOI: 10.12172/202311120001
引用本文: 吕蔚, 闫淑君, 顾灵桢, 等. 厦门城市山地公园鸟类多样性[J]. 四川林业科技, 2024, 45(3): 72−77. DOI: 10.12172/202311120001
LV W, YAN S J, GU L Z, et al. Bird diversity in Xiamen urban mountain parks[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2024, 45(3): 72−77. DOI: 10.12172/202311120001
Citation: LV W, YAN S J, GU L Z, et al. Bird diversity in Xiamen urban mountain parks[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2024, 45(3): 72−77. DOI: 10.12172/202311120001

厦门城市山地公园鸟类多样性

Bird diversity in Xiamen urban mountain parks

  • 摘要: 近年来,城市化与人类活动对鸟类的影响引起了广泛关注,山地公园作为大面积绿地斑块,对城市鸟类多样性保护具有重要意义。为揭示厦门山地公园鸟类资源的现状及周边地区城市化水平对山地公园鸟类多样性的影响,选取位于厦门市区的万石山游览区和城郊的天竺山森林公园为研究区域,通过收集2021-2023年1~4月两山地鸟类观测数据,对两地的鸟类多样性进行对比分析,结果表明:(1)共记录到鸟类14目45科154种,其中,国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生鸟类17种,中国特有种5种;广布种93种,东洋界鸟类61种;留鸟105种,冬候鸟40种,旅鸟9种;(2)相较于城郊,市区山地鸟类多样性水平较低,鸟类群落季节性变化更具有同质性,且抗人为干扰能力强的鸟类物种更占据群落优势。最后,根据分析结果,提出相应的鸟类多样性保护建议,为今后城市山地公园的生物多样性保护与发展建设提供思路与参考。

     

    Abstract: In recent years, the impact of urbanization and human disturbance on birds has already attracted widespread attention. As the large green patches, mountain parks are of great significance for the protection of urban bird diversity. In order to reveal the present situation of bird resources in Xiamen urban mountain park and the impact of urbanization level in surrounding areas on bird diversity in mountain parks, Wanshi Mountain Scenic Area in Xiamen City and Tianzhu Mountain Forest Park in the suburbs were selected as the research areas, and the bird diversity in the two places was compared and analyzed by collecting bird observation data from January to April in 2021-2023. The results showed that: (1) A total of 154 bird species were found in the study areas, belonging to 14 orders and 45 families. Among these, 17 species were listed as national second-class protected wild birds and 5 species endemic to China. There were 93 widespread species, and the other 61 species were from the Oriental region. There were 105 resident birds, 40 winter migratory bird and 9 traveling birds. (2) Compared with suburban areas, the level of bird diversity in urban mountainous areas was lower, the seasonal variation of bird community was more homogeneous, and bird species with strong resistance to human interference were more advantageous as well. Finally, based on the analysis results, some suggestions on bird diversity protection were put forward, which will provide ideas and references for the biodiversity protection and development of urban mountain parks in the future.

     

/

返回文章
返回