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王疆评, 毛颖娟, 刁元彬, 等. 四川阿坝多美林卡国家湿地公园鸟类多样性研究[J]. 四川林业科技, 2023, 44(3): 64−77. DOI: 10.12172/202303080002
引用本文: 王疆评, 毛颖娟, 刁元彬, 等. 四川阿坝多美林卡国家湿地公园鸟类多样性研究[J]. 四川林业科技, 2023, 44(3): 64−77. DOI: 10.12172/202303080002
WANG J P, MAO Y J, DIAO Y B, et al. Bird diversity in the Duomeilinka National Wetland Park, Sichuan Province[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2023, 44(3): 64−77. DOI: 10.12172/202303080002
Citation: WANG J P, MAO Y J, DIAO Y B, et al. Bird diversity in the Duomeilinka National Wetland Park, Sichuan Province[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2023, 44(3): 64−77. DOI: 10.12172/202303080002

四川阿坝多美林卡国家湿地公园鸟类多样性研究

Bird Diversity in the Duomeilinka National Wetland Park, Sichuan Province

  • 摘要: 多美林卡国家湿地公园位于四川、青海和甘肃三省交界处,为永久性河流湿地公园。为系统掌握多美林卡湿地公园的鸟类资源情况,2017年至2019年,采用样线法与样点法对湿地公园进行9次调查,共记录到鸟类176种,隶属于17目44科116属。湿地公园以留鸟(90种)和夏候鸟(43种)为主,共计133种,占公园鸟类种数的75.57%;古北界鸟类占优势,共计111种,占公园种数的63.07%。湿地公园有各级保护鸟类44种,其中国家Ⅰ级11种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护鸟类25种,四川省重点保护鸟类8种。利用G-F指数对湿地公园鸟类多样性进行评估,结果显示,湿地公园鸟类在科属水平上具有较高的物种多样性。此外,湿地公园内不同生境鸟类物种多样性和群落构成表现出较大差异性,但也存在一定的相似性。本研究为多美林卡国家湿地公园鸟类保护和后期管理工作提供了一定科学依据。

     

    Abstract: The Duomeilinka National Wetland Park belongs to the permanent river wetland, which located in the convergent hinge of Sichuan Province, Qinghai Province and Gansu Province. Up to now, the investigation on the diversity of birds in this wetland park is fairly insufficient. From 2017 to 2019, the faunas, community structure and spatial types of wide birds in the Duomeilinka National Wetland Park were surveyed, including 90 residents (51.14%), 43 summer visitors (24.43%), 43 winter visitors (16.48%) and 14 passage migrants (7.80%). Among them, 111 species are Palearetic origin, 42 species are Oriental origin, and 23 species are widespread, which account for 63.07%, 23.86% and 13.09% of the total number of species, respectively. In total of 44 species of species protected birds are present in the wetland park, including 11 and 25 species respectively listed on China's National Protected Animals List Class I and Class II, and 8 species were listed on key protected animals of Sichuan Province. The results of G-F index showed that there was a great avian diversity of the genus and family level in the Duomeilinka National Wetland Park. In addition, some similarities and many differences in the avian diversity and community structure were also found among four habitats types through the analysis of the similarity index and G-F index. This study provides evidence to avian protection and the later stage management of Duomeilinka National Wetland Park.

     

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