WE ARE COMMITTED TO REPORTING THE LATEST FORESTRY ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS

Volume 44 Issue 1
Feb.  2023
Article Contents
Turn off MathJax

WANG P, SHEN H, YUAN Y, et al. Six newly recorded species and one newly recorded genus of woody plants in Sichuan Province, China[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2023, 44(1): 120−124 doi: 10.12172/202204060002
Citation: WANG P, SHEN H, YUAN Y, et al. Six newly recorded species and one newly recorded genus of woody plants in Sichuan Province, China[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2023, 44(1): 120−124 doi: 10.12172/202204060002

Six Newly Recorded Species and One Newly Recorded Genus of Woody Plants in Sichuan Province, China


doi: 10.12172/202204060002
More Information
  • Corresponding author: luoq72@sina.com
  • Received Date: 2022-04-06
    Available Online: 2023-01-12
  • Publish Date: 2023-02-25
  • In this paper, six newly recorded species of woody plants in Sichuan Province were reported, namely Deutzia yunnanensis (Saxifragaceae), Daphne brevituba (Thymelaeaceae), Berberis taronensis (Berberidaceae), Schefflera multinervia (Araliaceae), Nothapodytes tomentosa (Icacinaceae) and Delavaya toxocarpa (Sapindaceae). Delavaya toxocarpa belongs to the genus Delavaya Franch, which is a monophyletic species. According to relevant documentary records, it is distributed in Guangxi province and Yunnan province in China, and it is also distributed in northern Vietnam. The discovery in Huili city and Panzhihua city confirmed that it is a new genus record in Sichuan province. The voucher specimens were preserved in the Herbarium of Xichang college (XIAS). The newly recorded discovery not only enriched the diversity of spermatophyte in Sichuan province, but also provided a basis for studying the origin, diffusion routes, and distribution of related groups.
  • 加载中
  • [1] 四川植物志编委会. 四川植物志(第十六卷)[M]. 成都: 四川民族出版社, 2005, 16: 139-142.
    [2] 谢开明, 孙芝和, 肖千文. 凉山州经济树木图志[M]. 成都: 成都科技大学出版社, 1998: 1-499.
    [3] 刘建林, 孟秀祥, 冯金昭, 等. 四川攀西种子植物[M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2007: 1-607.
    [4] 刘建林, 罗强, 赵丽华, 等. 四川攀西种子植物第2卷[M]. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2010: 1-496.
    [5] Pan Jintang, Gu Cuizhi, Huang Shumei, et al. Flora of China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, and St. Louis;Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001. 8: 388-389.
    [6] Wang Yinzheng; Michael G. Gilbert, Brian Mathew, et al. Flora of China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, and St. Louis;Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2007. 13: 241.
    [7] 中国植物志编委会. 中国植物志[M]. 北京: 中国科学出版社, 2001, 29: 126.
    [8] Xiang Qibai, Porter P. Lowry. Flora of China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, and St. Louis;Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2007. 13: 458.
    [9] Peng Hua; Richard A. Howard. Flora of China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, and St. Louis;Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2008. 11: 510.
    [10] 中国植物志编委会. 中国植物志[M]. 北京: 中国科学出版社, 1985, 47(1) : 067.
    [11] Xia Nianhe, Paul A. Gadek. Flora of China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, and St. Louis;Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2007. 12: 8-9.
    [12] 四川植物志编委会. 四川植物志(第八卷)[M]. 成都: 四川民族出版社, 1990, 8: 150-272.
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Figures(1)

Article views(178) PDF downloads(70) Cited by()

Related
Proportional views

Six Newly Recorded Species and One Newly Recorded Genus of Woody Plants in Sichuan Province, China

doi: 10.12172/202204060002
  • 1. Xichang Forestry and Grassland Administration, Xichang 615000, China
  • 2. Xichang College, Xichang 615013, China
  • Corresponding author: luoq72@sina.com

Abstract: In this paper, six newly recorded species of woody plants in Sichuan Province were reported, namely Deutzia yunnanensis (Saxifragaceae), Daphne brevituba (Thymelaeaceae), Berberis taronensis (Berberidaceae), Schefflera multinervia (Araliaceae), Nothapodytes tomentosa (Icacinaceae) and Delavaya toxocarpa (Sapindaceae). Delavaya toxocarpa belongs to the genus Delavaya Franch, which is a monophyletic species. According to relevant documentary records, it is distributed in Guangxi province and Yunnan province in China, and it is also distributed in northern Vietnam. The discovery in Huili city and Panzhihua city confirmed that it is a new genus record in Sichuan province. The voucher specimens were preserved in the Herbarium of Xichang college (XIAS). The newly recorded discovery not only enriched the diversity of spermatophyte in Sichuan province, but also provided a basis for studying the origin, diffusion routes, and distribution of related groups.

  • 2018年6月—2019年12月期间,作者团队在对四川省西南部西昌市、会理市及盐源县林木种质资源普查过程中经过野外实地调查、采集标本并详细鉴定,发现诸多四川新分布记录,通过查阅《中国植物志》(http://www.iplant.cn/frps)及《Flora of China》(http://www.iplant.cn/foc)网络版相关物种信息,《四川植物志》 [1]、《凉山州经济林木图志》[2]、《四川攀西种子植物》[3]、《四川攀西种子植物》第2卷[4]等有关论著与文献记载,

    发现在四川无分布记录,故对本次林木种质资源普查发现的四川6新分布记录种及1新记录属整理后给予报道。

    • 绣球花科 Hydrangeaceae溲疏属 Deutzia Thunb. Deutzia yunnanensis S. M. Hwang in Acta Bot. Aus. Sin. 8: 9. fig. 6. 1992;中国植物志 35(1):110,1995;Flora of China 8: 129. 2001.

      分布:产云南西北部 [5]

      四川:西昌市民胜乡。

      凭证标本:四川省西昌市民胜乡核桃村,101°57′52.8″E,纬度28°07′31.1″N,海拔2 437m,疏林下,2018-07-19,古仕波,100074(XIAS)。

      鉴定说明:云南溲疏叶近纸质,同型,花枝最下部的叶非圆形,叶下面密被8-14辐线星状毛;花枝较长,花序有花常9朵以上;花瓣花蕾时内向镊合状排列,花萼裂片较萼筒短,果期不内弯,花瓣阔椭圆形或倒卵形,长约为宽的2倍,花丝内外轮形状不同,花柱约与雄蕊等长,子房下位或半下位等特征与四川所产的短裂溲疏Deutzia breviloba相似,但花冠直径1.8-2.5cm,叶两面被星状毛均具中央长辐线等特征与后者明显区别。

    2.   短管瑞香Daphne brevituba H. F. Zhou ex C. Y. Chang(图版Ⅰ:C-D)
    • 瑞香科Thymelaeaceae 瑞香属Daphne L. Daphne brevituba H. F. Zhou ex C. Y. Chang in Bull. Bot. Res. 5 (3): 101. 1985. 中国植物志 52(1):385,1999; Flora of China 13: 241. 2007.

      分布:云南西部(鹤庆、易门)[6]

      四川分布:西昌市、盐源县。

      凭证标本:四川省西昌市民胜乡核桃村,山地灌丛,101°57′32.6″E,纬度28°7′25.7″N,海拔2826 m, 2019-05-03,古仕波,700009(XIAS);四川省盐源县沃底乡大湾子村,101°30′19.3″E,27°52′14.1″N,海拔2532 m,山林沟边,2019-04-29,古仕波, 670013(XIAS);四川省盐源县,1960-05-07,姜恕,01598637(PE)。

      鉴定说明:短管瑞香花序顶生,花序下面具苞片,花4数;花盘环状或杯状,花盘边缘波状、流苏状,花萼筒壶状,花萼筒外面被毛,长3~5 mm等特征与四川所产的山辣子皮Daphne papyracea var. crassiuscula近源,但叶片长2.5~6 cm,宽0.8~2 cm与后者明显区别。

    3.   独龙小檗 Berberis taronensis Ahrendt(图版Ⅰ:E-F)
    • 小檗科Berberidaceae 小檗属Berberis L. Berberis taronensis Ahrendt in Journ. Bot. Lond. (suppl.) 23: 25, 1941; et in Journ Linn. Soc. Bot. 57: 79, 1961;西藏植物志 2: 143,1985;Chamberlain ef Hu in Notes Bot. Gard. Edinb. 42 (3): 548, 1985;中国植物志29:126,2001.

      分布:西藏、云南[7]

      四川:盐源县、宁南县。

      凭证标本:四川省黄草镇元宝村,101°26′52.3″E,27°17′00.4″N,海拔3279 m,2019-04-28,古仕波,660074(XIAS);四川省宁南县保格2大队,1978-6-16,宁南队,SM704800386(SM)。

      鉴定说明:独龙小檗为常绿灌木,茎具三分叉刺;叶披针形、椭圆状披针形;花簇生,花梗长10~25 mm,萼片2轮,胚珠2-4;浆果倒卵形,顶端具宿存花柱等特征与四川有产的鄂西小檗Berberis zanlanscianensis相近,但花瓣全缘,叶具2-7刺齿及叶背具白粉等特征与后者明显区别。

    4.   多脉鹅掌柴Schefflera multinervia H. L. Li(图版Ⅰ:G-H)
    • 五加科Araliaceae鹅掌柴属Schefflera J. R. Forst. & G. Forst. Schefflera multinervia Li in Sargentia 2: 29. 1942——Agalma multinervium (Li) Hutch. Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 622. 1967, syn. Nov; 中国植物志 54 :033,1978; Flora of China 13: 458. 2007.

      分布:产云南 [8]

      四川:盐源县。

      凭证标本:四川省盐源县树河镇麦地村鸡心山,阔叶林内,101°47′57″E, 27°26′53″ N, 海拔2606 m,2018-10-10,张龙,420019(XIAS)。

      鉴定说明:多脉鹅掌柴掌状复叶具小叶3-9,中央的小叶柄长1.5 cm以上,小叶片两面无毛;总状花序组成圆锥花序,花柱全部合生成柱状等特征与四川所产红河鹅掌柴(Schefflera hoi)相近,但小叶片长圆状披针形,长达25 cm,宽达9 cm,侧脉16-22对与后者明显区别。

    5.   毛假柴龙树Nothapodytes tomentosa C. Y. Wu(图版Ⅰ:I-J)
    • 茶茱萸科Icacinaceae柴龙树属 Nothapodytes Blume. Nothapodytes tomentosa C. Y. Wu,云南植物志1: 169,图40, 6-7. 1977.—N. dimorphs Howard in Journ. Arn. Arb. 23: 67. 1942. p. p. quoad specim. cit. et Pl. III, non (Craib) Sleum;中国植物志 46: 48, 1981;Flora of China 11: 510. 2008.

      分布:云南中部 [9]

      四川:会理市、石棉县、洪雅县、沐川县、宜宾市、金阳县。

      凭证标本:四川会理市关河镇大桥村,山地林缘,102°02′56.0″E,26°32′21.0″N,海拔2078 m,2017-08-19,刘建林,gh1-32(XIAS);宜宾县,1977-06-28,宜宾县组,SM709900104(SM);石棉县永和公社,1978-06-14,石棉对,SM709900093(SM);沐川县田家坝,1979-07-30 ,沐川队,SM709900097(SM);洪雅县,1979-09-13,洪雅组,SM709900100(SM);金阳县天台区,1979-04-16,SM709900095((SM))。

      鉴定说明:毛假柴龙树叶片小,长不超过13厘米,叶片基部不对称,叶柄长1—3 cm;花瓣长不超过6 mm,花盘无毛等特征与薄叶柴龙树Nothapodytes obscura相近,但叶背密被长柔毛及短伏毛,果椭圆形等特征与后者明显区别。

    6.   茶条木Delavaya toxocarpa Franch. (图版Ⅰ:K-L)
    • 无患子科Sapindaceae 茶条木属Delavaya Franch. Delavaya toxocarpa Franch. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 462. 1886—D. yannanensis Franch. Fl. Delav. 142, Pl. 27, 28, 1889; Radlk. in Engler, Pflanzenr. 98 (IV. 165), 1476. 1933; How et Ho in Acta Phytotax. Sinica 3: 402. 1955; 云南植物志 1: 283, 图版66(9-12). 1977. 中国植物志47(1) :067,1985;Flora of China 12: 8-9. 2007.

      分布:广西和云南,越南北部也有分布[10-11],福建也见标本。

      四川:会理市、攀枝花市。

      凭证标本:四川省会理市凤营乡洪川桥村,沟边,102°10′28.1″E, 26°29′01.8″N, 海拔1639 m,2018-05-12,刘建林,HCQ5-38(XIAS);攀枝花市,2010-05-26,孙航等,02005300(PE);福建省厦门市禾山,1977-06-13,叶国栋,IBK00274385(IBK)。

      鉴定说明:该种掌状复叶,3小叶。聚伞圆锥花序顶生或腋生,单生或2~3个簇生;花单性,雌雄异株;萼片5宿存;花瓣5,有爪,内面基部有一个2裂的鳞片;雄花雄蕊8,雌花子房有短柄,花柱顶生。蒴果倒心形,2或3裂,裂片倒卵形或近球形,果皮革质或近木质等特征与其他属种明显区别。

    7.   讨论
    • 本次报道的6新记录种中,云南溲疏及多脉鹅掌柴2种在相关文献中未有记录四川有分布,中国数字植物标本馆中也无所藏标本,而短管瑞香、独龙小檗、毛假柴龙树及茶条木4种在中国数字植物标本馆中有所藏标本,但中国植物志、Flora of China、四川植物志及其他文献资料中并无记载,故6种均为四川新分布记录种。

      茶条木隶属无患子科茶条木属,为单种属植物,被中国珍稀濒危植物信息系统(http://www.iplant.cn/rep/)中国生物多样性红色名录被列为我国近危(NT)物种。中国植物志中、英文版记载,茶条木分布于我国广西和云南,国外也见于越南北部。根据中国数字植物标本馆显示,福建厦门市及四川攀枝花市也曾采集到过标本。四川植物志[12]无患子科中无茶条木属的记录,作者团队在四川会理市林木种质资源普查中发现并鉴定了隶属茶条木属的茶条木并结合2010年孙航等在攀枝花市采集到的标本,说明茶条木属为四川的新记录属。

      Figure 1.  New records of woody plants in Sichuan province

Reference (12)

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return